But now, the automotive data experts at HPI have published a definitive guide to help consumers avoid confusion.
- AFVs Alternative Fuel Vehicles – vehicles not powered by petrol or diesel engines.
- BEV Battery Electric Vehicle – vehicles powered solely by a battery that is charged from an external power source.
- CAZ Clean Air Zone.
- EV Electric Vehicle – the biggest category, including all types of electric vehicles.
- HEV Hybrid Electric Vehicle – vehicles with both a conventional internal combustion engine with an electric propulsion system.
- ICE Internal Combustion Engine – a conventional petrol or diesel engine.
- LEZ Low Emission Zone.
- mHEV Mild Hybrid Electric Vehicle – vehicles with an internal combustion engine assisted by an electric generator; mHEVs cannot run on electric power alone.
- PEV Plug-in Electric Vehicle – includes both PHEVs and BEVs.
- PHEV Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle – HEVs whose battery can be charged from an external power source.
- PiCG Plug-in Car Grant – Government-funded programme to subsidise the price of plug-in cars (PHEVs and BEVs).
- REX Range Extender – small internal combustion engine that provides power to a BEV when the battery is exhausted.
- ULEZ Ultra-Low Emission Zone – an area within which all vehicles need to meet exhaust emission standards.
“Most car manufacturers are making significant investments in their EV ranges in particular,” Chris Plumb, HPI’s Senior Valuations Editor & EV Specialist, said. “As a result, the UK will see a rapid expansion in the number of models available and the technology used.Many manufacturers are planning to electrify their entire product range by the middle of the next decade.”